Ciproxin (Ciprofloxacin) 500mg
Ciproxin (Ciprofloxacin) 500mg regulatory changes, the content of the following Patient Information Leaflet may vary from the one found in your medicine pack. Please compare the ‘Leaflet prepared/revised date’ towards the end of the leaflet to establish if there have been any changes.
If you have any doubts or queries about your medication, please contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Package leaflet: Information for the patient
Ciproxin (Ciprofloxacin) 500mg-coated tablets
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Ciproxin is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Ciproxin
3. How to take Ciproxin
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Ciproxin
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Ciproxin is and what it is used for
Ciproxin contains the active substance ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic belonging to the fluoroquinolone family. Ciprofloxacin works by killing bacteria that cause infections. It only works with specific strains of bacteria.
Ciproxin is used in adults to treat the following bacterial infections:
- respiratory tract infections
- long lasting or recurring ear or sinus infections
- urinary tract infections
- genital tract infections in men and women
- gastro-intestinal tract infections and intra-abdominal infections
- skin and soft tissue infections
- bone and joint infections
- to prevent infections due to the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis
- anthrax inhalation exposure
Ciprofloxacin may be used in the management of patients with low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) who have a fever that is suspected to be due to a bacterial infection.
If you have a severe infection or one that is caused by more than one type of bacterium, you may be given additional antibiotic treatment in addition to Ciproxin.
Children and adolescents
Ciproxin is used in children and adolescents, under specialist medical supervision, to treat the following bacterial infections:
- lung and bronchial infections in children and adolescents suffering from cystic fibrosis
- complicated urinary tract infections, including infections that have reached the kidneys (pyelonephritis)
- anthrax inhalation exposure
Ciproxin may also be used to treat other specific severe infections in children and adolescents when your doctor considered this necessary.
2. What you need to know before you take Ciproxin
Do not take Ciproxin:
- if you are allergic to the active substance, to other quinolone drugs or to any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6)
- if you are taking tizanidine (see Section 2: Other medicines and Ciproxin)
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before taking Ciproxin
- if you have ever had kidney problems because your treatment may need to be adjusted.
- if you suffer from epilepsy or other neurological conditions.
- if you have a history of tendon problems during previous treatment with antibiotics such as Ciproxin.
- if you are diabetic because you may experience a risk of hypoglycaemia with ciprofloxacin.
- if you have myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle weakness) because symptoms can be exacerbated.
- if you have been diagnosed with an enlargement or “bulge” of a large blood vessel (aortic aneurysm or large vessel peripheral aneurysm).
- if you have experienced a previous episode of aortic dissection (a tear in the aorta wall).
- if you have a family history of aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection or other risk factors or predisposing conditions (e.g. connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome, or vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, or vascular disorders such as Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis, Behcet´s disease, high blood pressure, or known atherosclerosis).
- if you have heart problems. Caution should be taken when using ciprofloxacin, if you were born with or have family history of prolonged QT interval (seen on ECG, electrical recording of the heart), have salt imbalance in the blood (especially low level of potassium or magnesium in the blood), have a very slow heart rhythm (called ‘bradycardia’), have a weak heart (heart failure), have a history of heart attack (myocardial infarction), you are female or elderly or you are taking other medicines that result in abnormal ECG changes (see section 2: Other medicines and Ciproxin).
- if you or a member of your family is known to have a deficiency in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), since you may experience a risk of anaemia with ciprofloxacin.
For the treatment of some genital tract infections, your doctor can prescribe another antibiotic in addition to ciprofloxacin. If there is no improvement in symptoms after 3 days of treatment, please consult your doctor.
While taking Ciproxin
Tell your doctor immediately, if any of the following occurs while taking Ciproxin. Your doctor will decide whether treatment with Ciproxin needs to be stopped.
- Severe, sudden allergic reaction (an anaphylactic reaction/shock, angio-oedema). Even with the first dose, there is a small chance that you may experience a severe allergic reaction with the following symptoms: tightness in the chest, feeling dizzy, sick or faint, or experiencing dizziness when standing up. If this happens, stop taking Ciproxin and contact your doctor immediately.
- Pain and swelling in the joints and tendinitis may occur occasionally, particularly if you are elderly and are also being treated with corticosteroids. Inflammation and ruptures of tendons may occur even within the first 48 hours of treatment or up to several months after discontinuation of Ciproxin therapy. At the first sign of any pain or inflammation stop taking Ciproxin, contact your doctor and rest the painful area. Avoid any unnecessary exercise, as this might increase the risk of a tendon rupture.
- If you feel sudden, severe pain in your abdomen, chest or back, go immediately to an emergency room.
- If you suffer from epilepsy or other neurological conditions such as cerebral ischemia or stroke, you may experience side effects associated with the central nervous system. If seizure happens, stop taking Ciproxin and contact your doctor immediately.
- You may experience symptoms of neuropathy such as pain, burning, tingling, numbness and/or muscle weakness. If this happens, stop taking Ciproxin and contact your doctor immediately.
- You may experience psychiatric reactions the first time you take Ciproxin. If you suffer from depression or psychosis, your symptoms may become worse under treatment with Ciproxin. In rare cases, depression or psychosis can progress to thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts, or completed suicide. If this happens, contact your doctor immediately.
- Quinolone antibiotics may cause disturbances in blood sugar, including both a decrease in blood sugar below normal levels (hypoglycaemia) and an increase in blood sugar above normal levels (hyperglycaemia) (see section 4. Possible side effects). Disturbances in blood sugar occurred usually in elderly diabetic patients, receiving concomitant treatment with oral antidiabetic medicines that lower blood sugar (e.g. glibenclamide) or with insulin. Loss of consciousness due to severe reduction in blood sugar (hypoglycaemic coma) has been reported. If you suffer from diabetes, your blood sugar should be carefully monitored.
- Diarrhoea may develop while you are taking antibiotics, including Ciproxin, or even several weeks after you have stopped taking them. If it becomes severe or persistent or you notice that your stool contains blood or mucus, stop taking Ciproxin and contact your doctor immediately, as this can be life-threatening. Do not take medicines that stop or slow down bowel movements.
- If your eyesight becomes impaired or if your eyes seem to be otherwise affected, consult an eye specialist immediately.
- Your skin becomes more sensitive to sunlight or ultraviolet (UV) light when taking Ciproxin. Avoid exposure to strong sunlight, or artificial UV light such as sunbeds.
- Tell the doctor or laboratory staff that you are taking Ciproxin if you have to provide a blood or urine sample.
- If you suffer from kidney problems, tell the doctor because your dose may need to be adjusted.
- Ciproxin may cause liver damage. If you notice any symptoms such as loss of appetite, jaundice (yellowing of the skin), dark urine, itching, or tenderness of the stomach, contact your doctor immediately.
- Ciproxin may cause a reduction in the number of white blood cells and your resistance to infection may be decreased. If you experience an infection with symptoms such as fever and serious deterioration of your general condition, or fever with local infection symptoms such as sore throat/pharynx/mouth or urinary problems you should see your doctor immediately. A blood test will be taken to check possible reduction of white blood cells (agranulocytosis). It is important to inform your doctor about your medicine.
Other medicines and Ciproxin
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Do not take Ciproxin together with tizanidine, because this may cause side effects such as low blood pressure and sleepiness (see Section 2: Do not take Ciproxin).
The following medicines are known to interact with Ciproxin in your body. Taking Ciproxin together with these medicines can influence the therapeutic effect of those medicines. It can also increase the probability of experiencing side effects.
Tell your doctor if you are taking:
- Vitamin K antagonists (e.g. warfarin, acenocoumarol, phenprocoumon or fluindione) or other oral anti-coagulants (to thin the blood)
- probenecid (for gout)
- methotrexate (for certain types of cancer, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis)
- theophylline (for breathing problems)
- tizanidine (for muscle spasticity in multiple sclerosis)
- olanzapine (an antipsychotic)
- clozapine (an antipsychotic)
- ropinirole (for Parkinson’s disease)
- phenytoin (for epilepsy)
- metoclopramide (for nausea and vomiting)
- cyclosporin (for skin conditions, rheumatoid arthritis and in organ transplantation)
- other medicines that can alter your heart rhythm: medicines that belong to the group of antiarrhythmics (e.g. quinidine, hydroquinidine, disopyramide, amiodarone, sotalol, dofetilide, ibutilide), tricyclic antidepressants, some antimicrobials (that belong to the group of macrolides), some antipsychotics
- zolpidem (for sleep disorders)
Ciproxin may increase the levels of the following medicines in your blood:
- pentoxifylline (for circulatory disorders)
- duloxetine (for depression, diabetic nerve damage or incontinence)
- lidocaine (for heart conditions or anaesthetic use)
- sildenafil (e.g. for erectile dysfunction)
- agomelatine (for depression)
Some medicines reduce the effect of Ciproxin. Tell your doctor if you take or wish to take:
- mineral supplements
- a polymeric phosphate binder (e.g. sevelamer or lanthanum carbonate)
- medicines or supplements containing calcium, magnesium, aluminium or iron
If these preparations are essential, take Ciproxin about two hours before or no sooner than four hours after them.
Ciproxin with food and drink
Unless you take Ciproxin during meals, do not eat or drink any dairy products (such as milk or yoghurt) or drinks with added calcium when you take the tablets, as they may affect the absorption of the active substance.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
It is preferable to avoid the use of Ciproxin during pregnancy.
Do not take Ciproxin during breast-feeding because ciprofloxacin is excreted in breast milk and can be harmful for your child.
Driving and using machines
Ciproxin may make you feel less alert. Some neurological adverse events can occur. Therefore, make sure you know how you react to Ciproxin before driving a vehicle or operating machinery. If in doubt, talk to your doctor.
3. How to take Ciproxin
Your doctor will explain to you exactly how much Ciproxin you will have to take as well as how often and for how long. This will depend on the type of infection you have and how bad it is.
Tell your doctor if you suffer from kidney problems because your dose may need to be adjusted.
The treatment usually lasts from 5 to 21 days, but may take longer for severe infections. Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure how many tablets to take and how to take Ciproxin.
a. Swallow the tablets with plenty of fluid. Do not chew the tablets because they do not taste nice.
b. Do try to take the tablets at around the same time every day.
c. You can take the tablets at mealtimes or between meals. Any calcium you take as part of a meal will not seriously affect uptake. However, do not take Ciproxin tablets with dairy products such as milk or yoghurt or with fortified fruit juices (e.g. calcium-fortified orange juice).
Remember to drink plenty of fluids while you are taking this medicine.
If you take more Ciproxin than you should
If you take more than the prescribed dose, get medical help immediately. If possible, take your tablets or the box with you to show the doctor.
If you forget to take Ciproxin
Take the normal dose as soon as possible and then continue as prescribed. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, do not take the missed dose and continue as usual. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Be sure to complete your course of treatment.
If you stop taking Ciproxin
It is important that you finish the course of treatment even if you begin to feel better after a few days. If you stop taking this medicine too soon, your infection may not be completely cured and the symptoms of the infection may return or get worse. You might also develop resistance to the antibiotic.
If you have any further questions about the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.