How does Ritalin 20mg work? What are its effects ?
Ritalin 20mg (Methylphenidate) belongs to the family of medications called stimulants. It is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (an uncontrollable need to sleep). It helps to increase attention and reduce restlessness for children and adults with ADHD.
Other measures (eg, psychological, educational and social) are used in conjunction with methylphenidate and are an integral part of the ADHD treatment program. This drug also helps to stimulate people with narcolepsy so that they do not fall asleep inappropriately.
Do not give Ritalin 20mg to anyone, even someone who suffers from the same symptoms as yours. This medication may be harmful to people for whom it has not been prescribed.
What form (s) does Ritalin 20mg come in?
10 mg and 20mg
Each pale blue, round, flat tablet with bevelled edges, scored, marked “A” and “B” on each side of the breaking bar of one side and “CIBA” on the other, contains 10 mg of methylphenidate hydrochloride. Nonmedicinal ingredients: corn starch, AD and C Green No. 3, lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sugar and talc.
How should I use Ritalin 20mg?
The dose of methylphenidate is determined according to the needs of the person concerned. Treatment is usually initiated at the lowest dose possible and is gradually increased until the most effective dose for the person is reached.
The usual starting dose of this drug is 5 mg or 10 mg, taken 2 or 3 times daily. Daily doses above 60 mg are not recommended. If symptoms worsen or if side effects occur, contact your doctor for instructions. Often, children do not need to continue taking the drug after puberty.
Take methylphenidate with a meal or snack, or shortly thereafter.
If you are taking the sustained-release (SR) tablets, swallow the medication without chewing or chewing. You must not overwrite or split it.
There are a number of factors that can be used to determine the dose that a person needs: weight, health, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose other than those listed here, do not change the way you take the medication without consulting it first.
It is important to use Ritalin 20mg exactly as your doctor has told you. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember, and take the medication as soon as possible. Avoid taking this medication late in the day, as it can make sleep difficult. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular schedule. Do not use a double dose to make up for a missed dose. If you are unsure what to do after you miss a dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Tell your doctor if you experience these side effects and if they are serious or bothersome.
What is Ritalin 20mg used for?
Ritalin 20mg should not be used under the following circumstances:
An allergy to methylphenidate or to any of the ingredients of the medication methylphenidate or any ingredients of the medication;
Hardening of the wall of the advanced arteries;
A state of anxiety, tension or agitation;
Glaucoma (elevated pressure in the eye);
Hyper-functioning of the thyroid gland;
A pheochromocytoma (a condition that causes excessive production of epinephrine and norepinephrine hormones).
The presence of motor tics, Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome or a family history of Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome;
Moderately to severely elevated arterial pressure;
Taking a monoamine oxidase or MAO inhibitor (eg, phenelzine, tranylcypromine) over the previous 14 days.
Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on what to do if side effects occur:
Agitation, nervousness or anxiety;
Rash or itching (mild);
A state of nervousness;
A sore throat;
Loss of appetite;
Loss of weight;
Dryness of the mouth;